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Centre Europeene pour la Research Nucleaire - CERN
 
CERN, the European Organisation for Nuclear Research, funded by 20 European nations, is constructing a new particle accelerator on the Swiss-French border on the outskirts of Geneva. When it begins operation in 2005, this machine, the Large Hadron Collider (LHC), will be the most powerful machine of its type in the world, providing research facilities for several thousand High Energy Physics (HEP) researchers from all over the world.


Four experiments designed and prepared by large international collaborations formed by over 2000 scientists and engineers coming from more than 50 institutes will collect data for a long period of time (more than 10 years).
 
The computing capacity required for analysing the data generated by the experiments at the LHC machine will be several orders of magnitude greater than that used by current experiments at CERN. It will therefore be necessary to use in an integrated way computing facilities installed at several HEP sites distributed across Europe, North America and Asia.
 CVs of key persons
 
 
 
 
During the last two years the MONARC project, supported by a number of institutes participating in the LHC programme, has been developing and evaluating different models for LHC computing. MONARC has also developed tools for simulating the behaviour of such models when implemented in a wide-area distributed computing environment.


The computing models developed by this project have been found to be a perfect match for the GRID metaphor and convinced CERN management to refocus on the GRID the entire computing pans for the evolution of CERN computing.


CERN has a long tradition of collaboration with industry in the IT domain often in the framework of EU supported research programmes.


CERN is in a unique ideal position to be a research centre with the flexibility and the skills to embark in advanced RTD projects, but with severe industrial production service requirements.


Its primary mission is in fact to build and operate very large and sophisticated particle accelerators. This imposes very strict quality and production requirements.


CERN is operated by 2'700 permanent staff coming from the 20 member states. It has a yearly budget of about 1000 M CHF.
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